Rebuilding a Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 hub

The Fichtel & Sachs Torpedo Duomatic model R 2110 from the seventies and early eighties was the successor to the sixties era Duomatic model 102. In some ways, it was improved (a stronger dog ring, which is the weak point of the 102) but other production cost-saving changes were definite downgrades (a more wear-prone axle without anti-rotation flats and a "non-replaceable" axle cone integrated with the sun gear). However, if properly maintained and greased, it works great and will last for a long time.

Duomatic model R2110
See also: More photos of the R2110. For diagrams and spare parts, visit the R2110 page on

Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 cleaned
The mechanical design of the R2110 was simplified a bit compared to the 102, resulting in fewer machining and lathe operations, and one non-load bearing part in the gear shift mechanism was made of injection molded polymer/nylon instead of metal.

Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 ready for assembly
The fixed axle cone / sun gear to the right is from the factory threaded on to the axle and fixed in place with threadlocking glue. The cone must be securely tightened against the bike frame's fork ends to prevent it from rotating under use, which would damage the hub. The cone has radial serrations on its face that will bite into the frame dropouts, locking it in place.

The axle on the above photo has practically no wear, which is optimal for a rebuild but not typical of the old hubs found today ~40 years after they were produced.

An example of typical axle wear, can still be used, but additional wear will become more and more problematic:

Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 typically worn axle
An example of a severely worn and water ingress damaged non-original axle:

Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 severely worn axle
It is therefore very important to apply bearing grease to the middle section of the axle. Use relatively "thick" grease like LNGI grade 2 to make sure it does not wash out. Make sure to also push it into the grooves.

Lubrication of the rest of the hub is just as the model 102, meaning oil on the pawls and ratchet teeth, grease on gears and ball bearings and special brake grease on the steel brake cylinder.

Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 internal unit assembled
The R2110 with the long variant of the axle can be spaced out to 120 mm by adding washers or extra nuts to only the left side of the axle (and building the wheel with a bit of "dish") because the right cone needs to be in direct contact with the frame es explained earlier. To also use the hub in an contemporary frame with 130 mm spacing, a special anti-rotation locking spacer for the right side of the axle can be made from a damaged/discarded R2110 axle cone. It was Jens Hansen that originally got the idea.

An old axle cone / sun gear with a damaged bearing surface:

Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 axle cone
The cone can be difficult to unscrew from the axle due to the threadlocker, so if the axle is also damaged and cannot be reused, you can just cut the cone in the middle while it is on the axle. The wide part of the cone is not threaded and the part you need will just fall off when cut in two.

Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 axle cone grinder cut
The rough cut:

Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 axle cone cut in two
Grind the cut surface flat and parallel and cut radial grooves in it with a rotary tool.

Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 axle spacer surface cut
Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 axle spacer
The original teeth on the back side of the spacer will mesh into the teeth of the axle cone and lock it so it will not rotate:

Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 axle spacer on axle
Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 axle spacer on axle
Torpedo Duomatic model R2110 axle spacer on axle
Torpedo_Duomatic model R2110 axle spacer on axle

Hybrid Duomatic R2110 + 102 = "R2212"?

Because of the re-designed mechanics of the R2110 hub compared to the earlier model 102, only a few parts like the bearing rings, planet gears and brake cone pawls are directly interchangeable. But I have discovered that if the parts are mixed in a certain way with some extra washers added, a hybrid Duomatic can be assembled using the axle and associated parts from a model 102 mixed with a R2110 drive unit, in a R2110 hub shell:

Duomatic R2212 hybrid
This is the schematics for the parts mix. The two washers marked with a green star need to be added. The left washer is just a standard M10 washer with a 10,5 mm hole so the lock nuts do not bottom out on the end of the axle threads. The big, central washer is for stabilizing the shift plate so it cannot tilt. It is a custom size so it must be fabricated. Filing or grinding down a thin washer like that is difficult, but since it is not under great pressure during use, it can also just be cut from a piece of 1,5 mm sheet metal (aluminium should be fine) or perhaps polycarbonate. It is important that the outer diameter is not larger than 25 mm

Duomatic R2212 hybrid diagram
Note that the thrust washer needs to be moved to the other side of the snail component to provide proper clearance. If you experience that every other of the toggle shifting points are rotationally too close to the point where the hub starts to engage the brake, using a refurbished model 102 brass brake cylinder (and associated friction spring) might help. But this might not be an issue when shifting gears while the hub coasts, it just felt a little close on the bench test.

Duomatic R2212 hybrid semi assembled
Another benefit of this setup, apart from using the better engineered 102 axle, is that some very commonly available Torpedo Dreigang model H3111 (AKA T3) spareparts are now compatible with the hub, as it also uses a 10,5 mm axle with flats. Meaning the fixed bearing cone (add a spacer on the outside between it and the locknut as it is a little bit shorter), left bearing cone and brake arm assemblies, plus axle nuts and standard anti-rotation washers can be used.

Duomatic R2212 hybrid top view
So far, I have only done a bench test of the hybrid R2212, meaning it hasn't been road tested in a wheel. If you have built one yourself, please share your test results with me.

Page last updated 2020-12-04 21:05. Some rights reserved (CC by 3.0)